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Gaius Julius Caesar

100-44BC

Imperator, Dictator , Senator, and Praetor.

Caesar was a general, a statesman, a legislator, an orator, an historian, and a mathematician who was said to have a photographic memory. Caesar never lost a war, improved the calendar, created the first political news sheet, Acta Diurna.He also drafted the enduring Roman Law against extortion.  

Julius Caesar's most famous  conquest was that of Gaul (58 - 50 BC) and the invasion of Britain which brought about the effective end of the Roman Republic.   Caesar in a Roman Civil War marched against the Senate in 49 BC and defeated his major rival Cnaeus Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus. Due to the fact that he continued to concentrate so much power in his own hands that traditionally belonged to the Senate, Caesar faced steadily growing opposition from the senators of Rome.  

Caesar's life experiences at 55 included a widower, divorcé, governor of Further Spain, Pirate captive and conqueror, hailed imperator by harden Roman Troops, questor, aedile, consul, pontifex maximus -and now a dictator of Rome.  Caesar, the dictator, launched a series of political and social reforms that endured for centuries in the Roman Empire. Caesar was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. March 15, 44BC. The Ides Of March, Caesar was brutally murdered at the Senate house by a group of armed Senate conspirators. Plutarch account, "When the murder was newly done, there were sudden outcries of people that ran up and down the city, which indeed increase the fear and tumult." The leading assassins, C. Cassius Longinus and his brother-in-law, Marcus Brutus 9, had slain him in an attempt "to maintain the Republic."


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